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language radio station back here in Seborga and The Rock is sister station to Radio International, renamed after its new owners acquired Radio Relax." Not only was the muzak banished but the new manager Jack Kelly invited Radio Caroline on board The Rock Of The Riviera at
Seborga's English radio stations or so I thought," said Mark. Star 108 closed in 1992, having failed to get a now required Italian radio license. "I took up trade journalism as Italian correspondent for media titles
the station as Radio Relax! It was time to leave Seborga," says Mark. "It was a toss up whether to join Radio Caroline on the Ross Revenge as a newsreader or to realise another ambition and establish a new radio station." Mark Dezzani in the Radio Nova Studio 1982
contends that the Seborga accreditation is worthless." * "One detractor is John Bear, a distance education expert who has aided in governmental diploma mill investigations. Bear is
By 1963 the people of Seborga were sufficiently convinced of these arguments to elect Carbone as their "Head of State". He then assumed the title and style Giorgio I, Prince of Seborga, which he has held ever since.
The Principality of Seborga is a micronation located in the northwestern Italian region of Liguria, near the French border, and in sight of Monaco. The principality is coexistent with, and claims the territory of, the
An important cultural event in Seborga is the annual festival of Saint Bernard, the town's patron saint, held on August 20. Seborga's twin city is L'Escarène, France. Transportation - Seborga is situated along Provincial Road 57 in Imperia
In 954, Seborga's territory was ceded by the counts of Ventimiglia to the monks of Lerino, when the Cistercian monastery was founded. In 1079 its abbots were also made Princes of the Holy Roman Empire, temporally in chief of the principality of Seborga.
people of Seborga were sufficiently convinced of these arguments to elect Carbone as their ostensible head of state. He then assumed the title Giorgio I, Prince of Seborga, which he has claimed ever since.
Seborga is a small town in the region of Liguria in northwest Italy, near the French border. Administratively, it is a comune of the Italian province of Imperia, although some locals claim that it is an independent principality
Seborga is known in the region for its agricultural activity: in particular, cultivation and collection of olives and floriculture crops. Thanks to Seborga's publicity as a principality, tourism has expanded in recent years. The principality's historic town centre was
of liguria , opposite Monaco, Seborga is 14 square kilometers around and has a population of about 2000. Its independence is disputable, only because it is not specifically mentioned as being part of any other country. Founded in 954 because of a medieval land feud, Seborga
and story how Seborga came on the air and reasons why the choose and often change of prefixes for Seborga: Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4 (size for each page about 170 kB) 73 es good
Location of Seborga) was founded in 994 and celebrated in 1994 its millennium. Till today Seborga still claims to be an independent entity as it never signed a membership-declaration to modern Italy, means when the Kingdom of Italy as the predecessor of todays Republic
postal stamp of Seborga was issued. But remember because Seborga is not a member of the UPU (Universal Postal Union) these stamps are not valid for international mailing. * Starting 1996, after the ITU allocated T8 to Palau/Belau Seborga had
Principality of Seborga was published in October 2001 in the german amateur radio magazine FUNKAMATEUR (FA 10/2001, p. 1171) I felt inspired to write a small history of amateur radio activities from Seborga and to organize a wider QSL-Card gallery.
T he Bourg of Seborga is to the Principality of Monaco what Cancun is to the Belize, it is a place for the uncommon, fill with history, nature and the atmosphere so dear to Ernest Hemingway or was it Sommerset Maughn!
T he Old Bourg of Seborga is located in the back hills of Liguria, the famous Italian Flowers' Riviera, minutes from the motorway Nice/Genova. From what is was in the Xth. Century, - was it now Vallecrosia,
Seborga Business Center -Internet Point has an important contribution to make. It is the only established reference guide, accessible worldwide , with a permanent physical office in Seborga, providing quick and reliable access to all of the various commercial, cultural,
the Maritime Alps, Seborga is a treasure to remember. Whether you enjoy sunning on the Riviera, or skiing in soft powder, this area brings a unique combination of environments that is unmatched anywhere. We are just up the rocks from- and with panoramic
The principality of Seborga is located in Liguria, Italy's famous Flower Riviera, close to the French border. The Principality's territory amounts to 14 square kilometers with a population of 2000 inhabitants. The capital occupies 5 square kilometers, where 362
* The website of the Seborgan Government is temporar... * ► October (1) * Library Competition: On the 11 November the Awards...
Seborga is the subject of a small insert page 161. It is also represented on a map page 162 and quoted in the main index page 393. This is the complete text of this short article which has been published:
Seborga-Vallebona, has organized, together with the Directorate of Teaching Bordighera and the Seborga’ School, an afternoon dedicated to teaching and educating the students on matters related to safety and emergency services, called: “IO MI SALVO COSI`” (translated: “I’ll be
“Seborga in harmony among Art and flowers” is the theme of the next event organised by the Municipality of Seborga and in collaboration with the Angelo Biffi Art Gallery. Flowers compositions and fresco paintings will be displayed along the
• The Principality of Seborga has been an elective Monarchy since the Early Middle Ages and the taking back of its sovereignty has logically led to the election of a new Prince: it mustn’t be considered as an innovation.
• The Principality of Seborga is located in the North-North East of Bordighera, at about 7kms as the crow flies and at about 10kms by car. • The ‘claim for independence’ is more precisely the taking back of
• There is no bureaucratic error: Seborga has never been the property of the House of Savoy but its protectorate (which explains its non-annexation by the Kingdom of Piemont-Sardinia –renamed “Kingdom of Italy” in 1861, the rights and duties of which were inherited by the
"Seborga" which is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License
Seborga is located in ITALY. We are confident that when it comes to top quality cover, value for money, and excellent customer service you won't find a better travel insurance specialist. If you have any queries regarding Atlas products
PASSPORT TO SEBORGA The road to Seborga is paved with pavement…the question is who owns it? If you have seen the film Passport To Pimlico, and I would recommend that anyone thinking of starting their own country should rent it
To the rest of the world Seborga is a pretty little town located in the Italian Alps. To the people who live there it is a 14km2 independent state with its own stamps, coins and obligatory Prince. Seborga’s claim to independence goes back to 1729 when an
Graham Bartram at the flag of Seborga has been changed in1997. Pascal Gross, 15 June 1998 Article about Seborga (in Swedish) at with detailed picture of the Seborga flag. Christian Berghänel, 1 December 2005 -
is officially part of the Italian Republic (and Seborga has its elected mayor, too). You can spend luigini also in neighbouring villages and even in the Ligurian Riviera. For further infos: . Paolo Montanelli, 27 December 2003
The motto of Seborga is "sub umbra sedi" which translates to "sit in the shade"! The arms in the flag are derived from those of the order of St. Bernard. Graham Bartram, 24 July 1997
the municipality of Seborga on 13th May 2001, is openly against the independence of Mr. Carbone's "Principality", as demonstrated by his interview in article at . Guido Abate, 7 November 2002 The Principality of Seborga (in Italian: Principato di Seborga) is a
1861 · foundation of the Kingdom of Italy, Seborga is not mentioned in the founding file 1934 · recognition of the exterritoriality by the Italian chief of government Benito Mussolini 1946 · foundation of the Republic of Italy, Seborga is not mentioned
early middle ages · Seborga is a fiefdom of the Counts of Ventimiglia 954 · Count Guido hands over the castle to the Benedictinian abbey of Lérins 1079 · principality in the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation with
The name Seborga has its roots in the Roman name "Castrum Sepulcri" (grave's castle). That became later "Sepulcri Burgum" and even later "Seporca" and finally "Seborga". ` Die ursprünglichen Einwohner von Seborga nennen sich "Seborghesen". Es
Monaco, the Principality of Seborga is a geopolitical oddity that has successfully exploited its unique history, location and character over recent years in order to inject a healthy level of diversity into its local economy, thereby reversing the type of decline that has affected
of a Marx brothers film', Seborga is a viable, thriving community of several thousand people, boasting diplomatic representatives in a handful of European nations and a unique place in the wider international community. It can legitimately lay claim to being
Seborga issued its first postage stamp in 1994, and this was followed by a veritable flood of philatelic emanations during the Principality's 1995 "mint millennium" anniversary year. It seems that the volume of material produced may have been more than sufficient to
Sepulcri as Seborga was then known, was gifted by them in 954 AD to the Benedictine monastic order, who in 995 minted Seborga's first coins. Elevated in 1079 to the status of a principality under the Holy
Confusion concerning the precise number of Seborga coin types has long persisted thanks to claims on official Seborga websites that the Prince authorised the reissue of Seborgan currency for the first time on 23 April 1995. What is not mentioned is the fact that a series of
The current status of Seborga's coins remains unclear; while official websites imply that Luigini remain a valid means of exchange within the Principality's borders, Seborga has not minted any further coins intended for circulation since 1996 and no longer appears to promote
Seborga) has published an updated article on the accreditation scam: http://seborgatimes.blogspot.com Kind regards, George Brown Print
'That kind of threw me when Seborga issued that ,' says DiUlus. 'I thought, ‘What in the world?' ' He says he's not concerned that people would be suspicious of the address, and he notes that the university also owns the DeUlis.org Web domain. 'You cannot get a .edu
institutions that have been accredited by Seborga were started by founders of Saint Regis University, which has been called a diploma mill by several government officials. Officials with the institution claimed accreditation from Liberia, but operated mainly from Washington state.
that the Seborga accreditation is worthless. "Any person using a degree earned from this entity, as long as it uses a Seborga accreditation, is earning and using a meaningless degree," he says. The DiUlus Institute and University is on Oregon's list of "degree
Web sites listing the Seborga accreditation, one of which is called " The Principality of the Flowers," which lists 26 Seborga-accredited institutions. (That Web site also says that accreditation costs $62.20 per month.) The question of Seborga's autonomy has long been debated by citizens
But Seborga is special. It all started in the 1960s when local florist, Giorgio Carbone, began pushing for the town to regain its historic independence. He claimed that when the former principality
Needless to say, Seborga remains an Italian municipality—all public services are provided by the Italian government, and the Seborghini regularly pay their taxes and elect their mayor. Getting there Take the Bordighera exit on the A10 highway (Genova-Ventimiglia) and
At first sight, Seborga is a typical picture postcard village on the Italian Riviera with minute squares and narrow streets meandering beneath an imposing bell tower. But a sign proclaiming "Welcome to the Principality of Seborga" and
Promoting Seborga's history is what Kennedy is supposed to do as councilor, and she takes the role of representing "what it stands for" seriously. She said the titles have evolved since 2004, when "I was voted by a
Seborga was actually an independent nation. People agreed with his logic and elected him “Head of State”. He started going by Giorgio I, Prince of Seborga. He is known locally as “Your Tremendousness” or “your Terrificness”.
and the snow capped peaks of the Maritime Alps, Seborga is a treasure to remember. Whether you enjoy sunning on the Riviera, or skiing in soft powder, this area brings a unique combination of environments that is unmatched anywhere
The Secretary of Education of the SBC- Old Principality of Seborga is pleased to continue this vocation as Center of Excellence Learning by providing to exclusive School, Institutions, Institutes and Universities, the possibility to be part of Distant Learning and Teaching and to offer Correspondence Courses.
The "Old Principality of Seborga" is located in the back hills of Liguria, the famous Italian Flowers' Riviera, minutes from the motorway Nice/Genova. From what is was in the Xth. Century, - was it now Vallecrosia,
And last but not least the Principality of Seborga has never been considered part of the Italian Republic formed in 1946. But it seems that this change was never registered with the kingdom of Sardinia nor the House of Savoy. In 1946, following the unification of Italy, the
Principality of Seborga is situated between the possessions of the Kingdom of Sardinia north west and the Genoese Republic south east. Click picture for larger version In 1127 the nine Templars from Jerusalem to Seborga on the first
Seborga in February 1117, to join Gondemar and Rossal whom he had sent for June 1113, in order to protect the "Great Secret." The raining prince at the time was Prince Abbot Edward, born near Tulon, a tall man with a soft heart
The Principato di Seborga remained a Cistercian State until Jan. 20, 1729, when the Cistecian State was sold to Vittorio Amedeo II, of Savoy, Prince of Piedmont and King of Sardinia. Later in 1748, (Treaty
- De facto Seborga is occupied administratively by Italy (only administratively : the Italian Army and Police are not present in Seborga). Between the Prince's Palace and the Italian 'City Hall' there are only
- De jure (= in Law) Seborga was an independent and sovereign Principality with a Prince elected by the Seborgan Chapter, part of the Holy Empire, under the direct dependence of the Holy See and the Holy Empire
- De jure Seborga was an independent and sovereign Principality with a Prince elected by the Seborgan Chapter, part of the Holy Empire until 1797, under the direct dependence of the Holy See and the Holy Empire
Actually Seborga was never mentioned in any international matter since the recognition of its sovereignty in 1797. In 1861 the Kingdom merely changed its name to 'Kingdom of Italy' and its King even kept its number : Victor-Emmanuel II (of
alienation (= change, sale…) of Seborga and hence no transaction was ever permitted by the Pope - any transaction on Seborga was forbidden by the Emperor as early as 1679 (letter of Count Borromeo, Imperial vicar) when the rumour of a possible sale spread
Among the other elements of juridical continuity of Seborga, there is : - the circulation of the roman Ecu in Seborga, although all foreign currencies were forbidden in the Savoys' states (document of 1743) - the non-participation of Seborga in the installation of Communes
Around 600 AD Seborga was also called Spulgas or Sepulgas de Sebaste by the occitan Cathars who also used Seborga as a Holy Place. 'Spulga' means 'cave'. With the Middle Ages Seborga became known as Castrum Sepulchri or
During WW2 Seborga had to suffer more at the end that in the beginning. Indeed in 1940 the Italian troops operated in the French and Monegasque territory and German troops appeared in the region only from 1943.
entrance of Seborga are said to actually have merely violated the curfew. * In 1945/1946 nobody mentioned Seborga when the French, English and Americans handed over the conquered Kingdom of Italy (that did not
In 1267 the Status of Seborga were modified, which shows that they were even older. Seborga was among the first to get such statuses, maybe influenced by Genovese capitula of the 11th century. Indeed other cities on the
In Seborga installing a Protectorate was not necessary because the local Protectorate was back there by the Restoration (= putting back in place and force the previous situation). Hence the Congress made no change in Seborga. A third point is that the Art
In Seborga Italy is a putative State (= a State that wrongly believes and pretends to be on its territory). * So the exact political situation of the Principality of Seborga since 1946 is the following :
In the Treaty of Aachen in 1748 Seborga was not incorporated in the Republic of Genova that just recovered its territory of before the war. On the opposite, in 1759 the Savoys let all borders of the
involve Seborga because it was never incorporated in them. So a problem arises : the wide real estate belongings of the Seborgan State, located outside its borders and managed by the Protector, have apparently been confiscated by Italy as personal belongings of the
It also refuses to pay VAT to Italy, because Seborga is not Italy and not even Member of any International body. Italy started a trial, but the Italian Court stated to be 'incompetent' (obviously because it recognizes it is an international dispute)
Often but not always, the elected Prince of Seborga was the Abbott of Lérins, pending election by both the Chapter of Lérins and the Seborgan Chapter, or in practice election by the first and confirmation by the second. *
reason today's Prince of Seborga has given the honour of Abbott to the local priest (2005/2006). De facto, the bishop's prerogatives (like conferring the confirmation) in Seborga are practiced by the bishop of Ventimiglia. *
Seborga has rebuilt its customs (with sentry box, previously destroyed by Italy), on the main road from Bordighera. A significant point is that in Sasso di Bordighera, the distance to
Seborga is also close to the valleys of the Roja and Bevera rivers, the main crossing axes of the mountains towards the north, the Valley of the Po, in the Ligurian territory. These rivers are also central in the Ligurian territory.
Seborga is from immemorial times a special place of the Ligurian people. First, it is central in their historical territory (of which the maximal extension was from the Pyrénées mountains up to the Valley of
Seborga remained as such until 20th January 1729, the day when King Vittorio Amedeo II of Sardinia tried to purchase the Principality on a personal basis through a document written in the Royal Castle in Paris but never recorded.
Seborga their Protectorate extinguished (both were linked). Indeed the Savoys abandoned it, so the Seborgan sovereignty fell back to the people. * Many Italian Republicans ignore, forget or negate the Seborgan
Seborga's place was practically located between the two main Ligurian tribes, the Intemelii.(who gave their name to today's Ventimiglia) and the Ingauni (who gave their name to today's Albenga). Another point for the understanding of future events (mainly 954 AD
So Seborga could have had the oldest European Parliament, even older than the officially oldest one, the icelandic Althingi founded in 930 AD. * In 820 Emperor Ludovicus the Pious and Pope Pasquale I created the
So Seborga was the only Sovereign State of the Cistercians. The tradition refers to an important presence of Templars in Seborga, that was coded as '8' in their banking documents (possible reference to the 8 guardians and/or to the eight-spin Templar cross).
the absence of Protector in Seborga (that was under the personal Protectorate of the Savoy reigning), which could have led there to a movement in favour of joining the Ligurian Republic, an ephemerous state set up by French-inspired jacobinians in the Republic of Genova.
Therefore Seborga was enforced with full sovereignty, both temporal (=political) and spiritual (=religious), depending only upon Pope and Emperor. Seborga hence became a small Empire within the Holy Empire. Since then many documents refer to Seborga also as Locus Sancti
to attack Seborga on the territorial matter, because Seborga is not a secession. * Clearly the Principality of Seborga is not a secession nor a self-proclaimed State : it is a sovereign State that reminds Italy and
Today the Principality of Seborga is ruled by the new General Statutes (=Constitution) voted in April 1995 as well as by several Laws issued since then. Very charismatic and a scholar in history, the Sovereign is
Seborga became a principality in 1079 and has been so called since the 14th century. Then when Italy was made it was never added to the Italian country, maybe for mistake... or at least this is what they and their Prince Giorgio I say
Seborga has got some own license plates, but they cannot be used in Italy or anywhere else, so cars do need also another standard Italian license plate, as you can clearly see in the third picture. You can
Seborga is a very small (about 14 square Km) Principality in Liguria, the north west part of Italy (click here to see the map). The capital city is Seborga, the currency is called Luigino and there are about
1,000 years, Seborga has remained inviolate. The village also has a weird gravitational anomaly, which, according to Pistone, has fascinated American and Russian scientists. Pistone says that there are 600 such mysteries connected with Seborga.
But, and this is the key, Seborgans claim the sale was invalid. Thus, when Sardinia entered the kingdom of Italy in 1861, Seborga retained de jure independence - as it did at the 1946 establishment of the Italian republic. The Italian republic may be present in the village -
From the 10th century, it seems, the then much bigger Seborga was run by monks. In the 12th century, it became the first and only sovereign Cistercian state in history - and an independent principality of the Holy Roman Empire.
Prince Giorgio I of Seborga is densely bearded and 63 years old, a man of tense erudition with a relentless smoking habit. He is hitting his stride in the Palazzo del Governo. "Seborga has existed for 1,000 years, Italy for a mere 130," he cries
Seborga "even when we were wrong"? Why are relevant documents inaccessible? So this is it. Seborga is the seat of something ill-defined, but extraordinary. "It is a sacred place," says Pistone - and the prince is its present guardian
Seborga has consuls in many Italian towns and villages, and also farther afield. Foreign delegations are apparently always showing up. Why? "As a sovereign nation, we have a perfect right to have relations in
Seborga is a pretty Italian Riviera village and, in most respects, similar to others overlooking the Mediterranean. Its ancient hilltop centre is a tight-packed tangle of tiny streets. Terraces stride down the slopes, bearing the flowers that keep the local economy alive.
Seborga is notably light on tourism paraphernalia. It has, for instance, no hotel. By now, I am beginning to lose my grip. The principality is, after all, barely a blip on the radar. The few folk walking around it -
thousand-year-old principality like Seborga, it is precisely the blurring of that distinction that has occasioned a new wave of interest in Europe’s micronations. Venture onto the Internet these days and you’ll find people starting their own countries left and right
Seborga is a small town, and self-proclaimed principality, located in the flowery back hills of Liguria in north west Italy, near the French border and the sovereign principality of Monaco. The main economic activities are horticulture and tourism.
The argument for Seborga's independent status is that Seborga was an independent Principality until January 20, 1729, when it was sold to Victor Amadeus II, Prince of Piedmont and King of Sardinia. However, it appears the sale was never registered by the Kingdom of Sardinia,
These facts do not imply that Seborga is indeed a principality. Some consider these claims as a form of folklore and the Republic of Italy considers and treats Seborga (unlike San Marino or Vatican City State, also enclaved in the peninsula) as an integral part of its own
Liguria and Seborga Map Seborga is a 14 sq km area of Italy, west of Genoa which calls itself a "Principality" for historical reasons. It issues its own stamps, coins, passports and license plates. However, the license plates have no validity and the residents must
of Seborga on 13 May 2001, is openly against the independence of Mr. Carbone's "Principality", as demonstrated by his interview in article at (www.lapadania.com). - ©2005 Ben Cahoon